Journal Articles


  1. Murray, N. J., Worthington, T. A., Bunting, P. , Duce, S., Hagger, V., Lovelock, C. E., Lucas, R., Saunders, M. I., Sheaves, M., Spalding, M., Waltham, N. J. & Lyons, M. B. (2022) High-resolution mapping of losses and gains of Earth's tidal wetlands. Science. 376, 744-749.

  2. Choi, C.-Y., Xiao, H., Jia, M., Jackson, M.V., Lai, Y.-C., Murray, N.J., Gibson, L. and Fuller, R.A. (2022) An emerging coastal wetland management dilemma between mangrove expansion and shorebird conservation. Conservation Biology.


  1. Murray, N.J., Kennedy, E.V., Álvarez-Romero, J.G., & Lyons, M.B. (2021) Data Freshness in Ecology and Conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 36(6), 485-487.

  2. Nicholson, E., Watermeyer, K.E., Rowland, J.A., Sato, C.F, Stevenson, S.L., Andrade, A., Brooks, T.M., Burgess, N.D., Cheng, S-.T., Grantham, H.S., Hill, S.L., Keith, D.A., Maron, M., Metzke, D., Murray, N.J., Nelson, C.R., Obura, D., Plumptre, A., Skowno, A.L., & Watson, J.E.M. (2021) Scientific foundations for an ecosystem goal, milestones and indicators for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Nature Ecology & Evolution.

  3. Lee, C.K.F., Duncan, C., Nicholson, E., Fatoyinbo, T.E., Lagomasino, D., Thomas, N., Worthington, T.A., Murray, N.J. (2021) Mapping the Extent of Mangrove Ecosystem Degradation by Integrating an Ecological Conceptual Model with Satellite Data. Remote Sensing 13, no. 11: 2047.

  4. Kennedy, E.V., Roelfsema, C.M., Lyons, M.B., Kovacs, E.M., Borrego-Acevedo, R., Roe, M., Phinn, S.R., Larsen, K., Murray, N.J., Yuwono, D., Wolff, J., Tudman, P. (2021) Reef Cover, a coral reef classification for global habitat mapping from remote sensing. Scientific Data 8: 196.

  5. Hill, N.K., Woodworth, B.K., Phinn, S.R., Murray, N.J., Fuller, R.A. (2021) Global protected-area coverage and human pressure on tidal flats. Conservation Biology, 35: 933-943.

  6. Si, Y., Xu, F., Wei, J., Zhang, L., Murray, N., Yang, R., Ma, K., Gong, P. (2021) A systematic network-based migratory bird monitoring and protection system is needed in China. Science Bulletin, 66(10), 955-957.

  7. Roelfsema, C.M., Lyons, M., Murray, N., Kovacs, E.M., Kennedy, E., Markey, K., Borrego-Acevedo, R., Ordoñez Alvarez, A., Say, C., Tudman, P., Roe, M., Wolff, J., Traganos, D., Asner, G.P., Bambic, B., Free, B., Fox, H.E., Lieb, Z. and Phinn, S.R. (2021) Workflow for the Generation of Expert-Derived Training and Validation Data: A View to Global Scale Habitat Mapping. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8:643381. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.643381

  8. Kingsford, R.T., Bino, G., Finlayson, C.M., Falster, D., Fitzsimons, J.A., Gawlik, D.E., Murray, N.J., Grillas, P., Gardner, R.C., Regan, T.J., Roux, D.J., Thomas, R.F. (2021). Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance–Improving Conservation Outcomes. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 9(53).

  9. Timmiss, L.A., Martin, J.M., Murray, N.J., Welbergen, J.A., Westcott, D., McKeown, A., & Kingsford, R.T. (2021) Threatened but not conserved: flying-fox roosting and foraging habitat in Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology,

  10. Shapiro, A. C., Grantham, H. S., Aguilar-Amuchastegui, N., Murray, N.J., Gond, V., Bonfils, D., & Rickenbach, O. (2021) Forest condition in the Congo Basin for the assessment of ecosystem conservation status. Ecological Indicators, 122, 107268.

  11. Sheaves, M., Mattone, C., Connolly, R.M., Hernandez, S., Nagelkerken, I., Murray, N.J., Ronan, M., Waltham, N.J., Bradley, M. (2021) Ecological constraint mapping: understanding outcome-limiting bottlenecks for improved environmental decision-making in marine and coastal environments. Frontiers in Marine Science.

  12. Xiao, H., Chadès, I., Hill, N., Murray, N., Fuller, R. A., & McDonald-Madden, E. (2021) Conserving migratory species while safeguarding ecosystem services. Ecological Modelling, 442, 109442.

  13. Jackson, M. V., Fuller, R. A., Gan, X., Li, J., Mao, D., Melville, D. S., Murray, N.J., Wang, Z., Choi, C.-Y. (2021) Dual threat of tidal flat loss and invasive Spartina alterniflora endanger important shorebird habitat in coastal mainland China. Journal of Environmental Management, 278, 111549.

  14. Roelfsema, C.M., Lyons, M.B., Castro-Sanguino, C., Kovacs, E.M., Callaghan, D., Wettle, M., Markey, K., Borrego-Acevedo, R., Tudman, P., Roe, M., Kennedy, E.V., Gonzalez-Rivero, M., Murray, N.J., & Phinn, S.R. How much shallow coral habitat is there on the Great Barrier Reef? Remote Sensing. 2021, 13, 4343.


  1. Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Duncan, A., Tizard, R., Ferrer-Paris, J.R., Worthington, T.A., Armstrong, K., Hlaing, N., Htut, W.T., Oo, A.H., Ya, K.Z., Grantham, H. (2020) Myanmar's terrestrial ecosystems: Status, threats and conservation opportunities. Biological Conservation.

  2. Grantham, H.S., Duncan, A., Evans, T.D., Jones, K.R., Beyer, H.L., Schuster, R., Walston, J., Ray, J.C., Robinson, J.G., Callow, M., Clements, T., Costa, H.M., A DeGemmis, Elsen, P.R., Ervin, J., Franco, P., Goldman, E., Goetz, S., Hansen, A., Hofsvang, E., Jantz, P., Jupiter, S., Kang, A., Langhammer, P., Laurance, W.F., Lieberman, S., Linkie, M., Malhi, Y., Maxwell, S., Mendez, M., Mittermeier, R., Murray, N.J., Possingham, H., Radachowsky, J., Saatchi, S., Samper, C., Silverman, J., Shapiro, A., Strassburg, B., Stevens, T., Stokes, E., Taylor, R., Tear, T., Tizard, R., Venter, O., Visconti, P., Wang, S., Watson, J.E.M. (2020) Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity. Nature Communications 11, 5978.

  3. Li, J., Knapp, D.E., Fabina, N.S., Kennedy, E.V., Larsen, K., Lyons, M.B., Murray, N.J., Phinn, S.R., Roelfsema, C.M., Asner, G.P. (2020). A global coral reef probability map generated using convolutional neural networks. Coral Reefs 39, 1805–1815.

  4. Lee, C.K.F., Nicholson, E., Duncan, C., & Murray, N.J. (2020) Estimating changes and trends in ecosystem extent with dense time-series satellite remote sensing. Conservation Biology.

  5. 20. Worthington T.A., zu Ermgassen P.S.E., Friess D.A., Krauss K.W., Lovelock C.E., Thorley J., Tingey R., Woodroffe C.D., Bunting P., Cormier N., Lagomasino D., Lucas R., Murray N.J., Sutherland W.J., Spalding M. (2020) A global typology of mangroves and its relevance for ecosystem services and deforestation. Scientific reports.

  6. Worthington, T.A., Andradi-Brown, D.A., Bhargava, R., Buelow, C., Bunting, P., Duncan, C., Fatoyinbo, L., Friess, D.A., Goldberg, L., Hilarides, L., Lagomasino, D., Landis, E., Longley-Wood, K., Lovelock, C.E., Murray, N.J., Narayan, S., Rosenqvist, A., Sievers, M., Simard, M., Thomas, N., van Eijk, P., Zganjar, C., Spalding, M. (2020) Harnessing Big Data to Support the Conservation and Rehabilitation of Mangrove Forests Globally. One Earth 2, 429-443.

  7. Lyons, M., C. Roelfsema, E. Kovacs, R. Borrego, E. Kennedy, K. Markey, M. Roe, D. Yuwono, D. Harris, S. Phinn, J. Li, D. Knapp, K. Larsen, D. Traganos, G. P. Asner, & Murray, N.J. (2020) Mapping the world's coral reefs using a global multiscale earth observation framework. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation.


  1. Murray, N.J., Phinn, S., Clinton, N., DeWitt, M., Ferrari, R., Johnston, R., Lyons, M.B., Thau, D. & Fuller, R.A. (2019) The global distribution and trajectory of tidal flats. Nature. 565:222-225.

  2. Lee, C., Keith, D.A., Nicholson, E., Murray N.J. (2019) Redlistr: An R package for assessing the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems and Species. Ecography.

  3. Choi, C-Y., Peng, H-B., He, P., Ren, X-T., Zhang, S., Jackson, M.V.*, Gan, X., Chen, Y., Yu, C., Jia, J., Murray, N.J., Piersma, T., Fuller, R.A., Ma, Z. (2019) Where to draw the line? Using movement data to inform protected area design and management. Biological Conservation. 234, 64-71.

  4. Lyons, M.B., Brandis, K., Murray, N.J., Wilshire, J., McCann, J., Kingsford, R., Callaghan, C. (2019) Towards monitoring large and complex wildlife aggregations with drones. Methods in Ecology and Evolution.

  5. Dhanjal-Adams, K.L., Fuller, R.A., Murray, N.J., Studds, C.E., Wilson, H.B , Kendall, B.E. (2019) Distinguishing local and global correlates of population change in migratory species. Diversity and Distributions. .

  6. Qu Y., Sun G., Luo C., Zeng X., Zhang H., Murray N.J. & Xu N. (2019) Identifying restoration priorities for wetlands based on historical distributions of biodiversity features and restoration suitability. Journal of Environmental Management. 231:1222-31.


  1. Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Simpson, D., Wilshire, J.H.*, Lucas, R.M. (2018) REMAP: A cloud-based remote sensing application for generalized ecosystem classifications. Methods in Ecology and Evolution.

  2. Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Ferrari, R., Lyons, M.B., Lucas, R., Pettorelli, N., Nicholson, E. (2018) The role of remote sensing in structured assessments of ecosystem status. Science of the Total Environment. 619-620: 249-257.

  3. Rowland, J.*, Nicholson, E., Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Lester, R., Bland, L.M. (2018) Selecting and applying indicators of ecosystem collapse in risk assessments. Conservation Biology.

  4. Bland, L.M., Rowland, J., Regan, T.M., Keith, D.A., Murray, N.J., Lester, R.E., Linn, M., Rodriguez, J.P., Nicholson, E. (2018) Defining and diagnosing ecosystem collapse for risk assessment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

  5. Keith, D.A., Akçakaya, H.A., Murray, N.J. (2018) Towards robust predictions of risks to biodiversity: scaling range sizes to threats. Conservation Biology.32:322-332

  6. Choi, C-Y., Jackson, M.V., Gallo-Cajiao, E. Murray, N.J., Clemens, R.S., Gan, X, Fuller, R.A. (2018) Biodiversity and China’s new Great Wall. Diversity and Distributions 24:137-143.


  1. Murray, N.J., Studds, C.E., Fuller, R.A., Clemens, R.S.*, Dhanjal-Adams, K.L.*, Gosbell, K.B., Hassell, C.J., Iwamura, T., Melville, D., Minton, C.D.T., Riegen, A.C., Rogers, D.I., Woehler, E.J., Marra, P.P. (2017) The large-scale drivers of population declines in a long-distance migratory shorebird. Ecography. 41: 867-876

  2. Pettorelli,N., Schulte to Buhne, H., Tulloch, A., Dubois, G., Macinnis-Ng, C., Queirós, A.M., Keith,D.A., Wegmann, M., Schrodt, F., Stellmes,M., Sonnenschein, R., Geller,G., Roy, S., Somers, B., Murray, N.J., Bland, L., Geijzendorffer, I., Kerr, J.T., Broszeit, S., Leitão, P.J., Duncan, C., El Serafy, G., He, K.S., Blanchard, J.L., Lucas, R., Mairota, P., Webb, T.J., Nicholson, E. (2017) Satellite remote sensing of ecosystem functions: opportunities, challenges and way forward. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation.

  3. Studds, C.E., Kendall, B.E., Murray, N.J., Wilson, H.B., Rogers, D.I., Clemens, R.S.*, Gosbell, K.B., Hassell, C.J., Jessop, R., Melville, D., Milton, D.A., Minton, C.D.T., Possingham, H.P., Riegen, A.C., Straw, P. Woehler, E.J., Fuller, R.A. (2017) Reliance on the Yellow Sea predicts population collapse in a migratory flyway. Nature Communications. 8:14895

  4. Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Nicholson, E., Regan, T.M., Rodriguez, J.P., Bedward, M. (2017) The use of range size to assess risks to biodiversity from stochastic threats. Diversity and Distributions. 23(5):474-483

  5. Bland, L.M., Keith, D.A., Murray, N.J., Regan, T.M., Ferrari, R., Mouillot, D., Lester, R., Nicholson, E. (2017) Model-based ecosystem risk assessment under multiple threats: the case of Meso-American reefs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.284:1863


  1. Clemens, R.S.*, Rogers, D.I., Hansen, B.D., Gosbell, K.B., Minton, C.D.T., Straw, P., Bamford, M., Woehler, E.J., Milton, D.A., Weston, M.A., Venables, B., Weller, D., Hassell, C.J., Rutherford, B., Onton, K., Herrod, A., Studds, C.E., Choi, C−Y, Dhanjal-Adams, K.L.*, Murray, N.J., Skilleter, G.A., Fuller, R.A. (2016) Continental-scale decreases in shorebird populations in Australia. Emu, 116(2):119-135.

  2. Dhanjal-Adams, K.L.*, Hanson, J.O.*, Murray, N.J., Phinn, S.R., Wingate, V.R.*, Mustin, K., Lee, J.R.*, Allan, J.R.*, Cappadonna, J.L.*, Studds, C.E., Clemens, R.S.*, Roelfsema, C.M., Fuller, R.A. (2016) Distribution, extent and protection of intertidal habitats in Australia. Emu, 116(2):208-214.


  1. Murray, N.J., Ma, Z. & Fuller, R.A. (2015) Tidal flats of the Yellow Sea: A review of ecosystem status and anthropogenic threats. Austral Ecology, 40(4):472-481.

  2. Rodriguez, J.P., Keith, D.A., Rodriguez-Clark, K., Murray, N.J., Nicholson, E., Regan, T., Miller, R., Bland, L.M. Barrow, E., Boe, K., Brooks, T., Oliviera-Miranda, M.A., Spalding, M. & Wit, P. (2015) A practical guide to the application of the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems criteria. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370:20140003.

  3. Murray, N.J., & Fuller, R.A. (2015) Protecting habitat for migratory shorebirds in East Asia. Journal of Ornithology, 156: S217-S225.

  4. Tulloch, V.J.*, Possingham, H.P., Visconti, P., Halpern, B., Watson, J., Evans, M.*, Auerbach, N.A.*, Barnes, M.*, Beger, M., Chadès, I., Giakoumi, S., McDonald-Madden, E., Murray, N.J., Ringma, J.* & Tulloch, A. (2015) Why do we map threats? Linking threat mapping with actions to make efficient decisions for biodiversity conservation. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13(2): 267-272. ** Highly cited paper: Top 1% Environment/Ecology ISI Web of Science.

  5. Murray, N.J., Clemens, R.*, Phinn, S.R., Possingham, H.P. & Fuller, R.A. (2015) Threats to the Yellow Sea's Tidal Wetlands. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 96:346–348.

  6. Keith, D.A., Rodriguez, J.P., Brooks, T.M., Burgman, M.A., Barrow, E.G., Boe, K., Comer, P.J., Franklin, J., Link, J., McCarthy, M.A., Miller, R.M., Murray, N.J., Nel, J.L., Nicholson, E., Oliviera-Miranda, M.A., Regan, T.A., Rodriguez-Clark, K.M., Rouget, M, & Spalding, M (2015) The IUCN Red List of Ecosystems: motivations, challenges and applications. Conservation Letters, 8:214-226.


  1. Murray, N.J., Clemens, R.*, Phinn, S.R., Possingham, H.P. & Fuller, R.A. (2014) Tracking the rapid loss of tidal wetlands in the Yellow Sea. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12:267-272. ** Included in top 15 most cited papers in FREE over the past 5 years and featured in the New York Times and Science.

  2. Iwamura, T.*, Possingham, H. P., Chades, I., Minton, C., Murray, N.J., Rogers, D., Treml, E. & Fuller, R. A. (2013) Migratory connectivity magnifies the consequences of habitat loss from sea-level rise for shorebird populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280: 20130325.

  3. Murray, N.J., Phinn, S. R., Clemens, R. S.*, Roelfsema, C. M. & Fuller, R. A. (2012) Continental scale mapping of tidal flats across East Asia using the Landsat Archive. Remote Sensing, 4, 3417-3426. Featured in Nature.

  4. Murray, N.J. & Fuller, R.A. (2012) Coordinated effort to maintain migration network. Oryx, 46, 479-48.

  5. Murray, N.J. & Shaw, P.P. (2010) Foraging behaviour and success of the Australian White Ibis Threskiornis molucca at an urban environment. Notornis, 56(4): 201–205.

  6. Murray, N.J. & Trebilco, R.T. (2008) An influx of Australian Shelduck Tadorna tadornoides on Macquarie Island. Australian Field Ornithology, 25(1): 40 -41.

  7. Murray, N.J. & Shaw, P.P. (2006) Breeding biology of the Australian White Ibis Threskiornis molucca at an urban breeding colony, South-east Queensland. Corella, 32(2): 41-45.

International reports

  1. Toor, M., Dryden, C., Basheer, A., Razee, N.J., Habeeb, S., Perkin, S. & Murray, N.J. (2022) Applying the IUCN Global Ecosystem Typology to the Maldives. Report to IUCN Maldives and IUCN Asia.

  2. Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Tizard, R., Duncan, A., Htut, W.T., Hlaing, N., Oo, A.H., Ya, K.Z., Grantham, H. (2020) Threatened Ecosystems of Myanmar. An IUCN Red List of Ecosystems Assessment. Version 1.0. Wildlife Conservation Society. ISBN: 978-0-9903852-5-7

  3. Bland, L.M., Keith, D.A., Miller, R.M., Murray, N.J., & Rodriguez, J.P. (2017) Guidelines for the application of IUCN Red List of Ecosystems Categories and Criteria, Version 1.1 IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. ISBN: 978-2-8317-1769-2 * Authors are listed in alphabetical order. (translated into Spanish and French).

  4. MacKinnon, J., Verkuil, Y. I. & Murray, N.J. (2012) IUCN situation analysis on East and Southeast Asian intertidal habitats, with particular reference to the Yellow Sea (including the Bohai Sea). IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. ISBN: 978-2-8317-1255-0. (translated into Korean, Russian and Mandarin).

Book Chapters

  1. Bishop, M.J., Murray, N.J., Swearer & Keith, D.A. (2020). MT1.2 Muddy shorelines. In: Keith, D.A., Ferrer-Paris, J.R., Nicholson, E. and Kingsford, R.T. (eds.) (2020). The IUCN Global Ecosystem Typology 2.0: Descriptive profiles for biomes and ecosystem functional groups. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN

  2. Murray, N.J. (2018) The role of remote sensing in the conservation of East Asia’s coastal wetlands. In: Satellite Remote Sensing for Conservation Action – Case Studies from Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 978-1-1084-5670-8


  1. Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Simpson, D., Wilshire, J.H.*, Lucas, R.M. (2017) remap: The remote sensing ecosystem monitoring and assessment pipeline. * used in >165 countries by >15,000 users since its launch in December 2017 and featured in Nature.

  2. Lee, C., Murray N.J. (2017) Redlistr: Tools for the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems and Species. R package version 0.1.0 . * 1935 downloads (4/10/2018)

  3. Cornwell W., Lyons M., Murray N.J. (2016) Earthtones: derive a colour palette from a particular location on Earth. R package version 0.1.0 .*4038 downloads (4/10/2018)


  1. Keith, D.A., Akçakaya, H.A., Murray, N.J. (2017) Supplementary material for: Towards robust predictions of risks to biodiversity: scaling range sizes to threats. Figshare.

  2. Murray, N.J., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Nicholson, E., Regan, T.M., Rodriguez, J.P., Bedward, M. (2017) Simulated ecosystem distributions from: The use of range size to assess risks to biodiversity from stochastic threats. Figshare.

  3. Murray, N.J. (2017) Global 10 x 10-km grids suitable for use in IUCN Red List of Ecosystems assessments. Figshare.

  4. Dhanjal-Adams, K. L.*, Hanson, J. O.*, Murray, N.J., Phinn, S. R., Wingate, V. R.*, Mustin, K., Lee, J.R.*, Allan, J.R.*, Cappadonna, J. L.*, Studds, C. E., Clemens, R. S.*, Roelfsema, C. M., Fuller R. A. (2015) Mapped distribution of intertidal habitats in Australia between 1999 and 2014. Pangaea.

  5. Murray, N.J., Wingate, V.R. & Fuller, R.A. (2014) Mapped distribution of tidal flats across China, Manchuria and Korea (1952-1964). Pangaea.

Commissioned Reports / Consultancies (selected)

  1. Asner, G., Knapp, D., Li, J., Fabina, N., D’Angelo, H., Roelfsema, C., Kovacs, E., Lyons, M., Murray, N.J., Markey, K., Phinn, S. (2018) Allen Coral Atlas: MVP Project Preprocessing and Mapping. Joint technical report to Vulcan Inc.

  2. Murray, N.J., Lee, C.K.F., Ruiz Garcia, V., Serpollier, C. & Keith, D.A. (2018) A review of data to support a global IUCN Red List of Terrestrial Ecosystems. Unpublished report for the IUCN. Gland, Switzerland.

  3. Murray, N.J., Miller, R.M., Zager, I., Keith, D.A., Bland, L.M., Esteves, R., Oliveira-Miranda, M.A., Rodríguez, J.P. (2016) Introduction to the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems Categories and Criteria: course manual. Download at

  4. Carr, B, Sims-Castley, R & Murray, N.J. (2011) Substantial remnants and coastal wetlands mapping review. Unpublished report for Gold Coast City Council. Gold Coast, Australia.

  5. Murray, N.J. (2010) Macquarie Island Pest Eradication: Impacts of helicopter over-flights of King Penguins. Unpublished report for Tasmanian National Parks and Wildlife Service. Hobart, Australia.

  6. Dreis, B., Wilson, T., Rowan, H. & Murray, N.J. (2009) The Burleigh to Springbrook Bioregional Corridor Project. Unpublished report for Gold Coast City Council. Brisbane, Australia. ** Received certificate of merit in Environment Planning Conservation category at the Planning Institute of Australia awards 2010.

  7. Murray, N.J. & Way, S.L. (2008) Status and Conservation of Albatrosses and Giant-Petrels on Macquarie Island: Report on the 2007/2008 field season. Unpublished report for Tasmanian Department of Primary Industries and Water. Hobart, Australia.

  8. Trebilco, R.T. & Murray, N.J. (2007) Status and Conservation of Albatrosses and Giant-Petrels on Macquarie Island: Report on the 2006/2007 field season. Unpublished report for Tasmanian Department of Primary Industries and Water. Hobart, Australia.